HUBUNGAN TEKNIK CUCI TANGAN, TEKNIK ASEPTIK DAN DRESSING DENGAN KEJADIAN PHLEBITIS DI RSUD ULIN BANJARMASIN

Paul Joae Brettnito, Dewi Wulandari

Abstract


Latar Belakang: Terapi intravena merupakan terapi umum yang diberikan rumah sakit dengan pemberian cairan, obat, transfusi darah, nutrisi ke dalam pembuluh darah vena dalam jumlah dan waktu tertentu melalui pemasangan infus atau kateter vena yang dapat menimbulkan komplikasi salah satunya adalah phlebitis. Phlebitis adalah peradangan atau iritasi pada dinding pembuluh darah vena yang disebabkan oleh faktor mekanik, kimia, bakteri atau internal. Kejadian phlebitis di Indonesia tahun 2013 sekitar 50,11% untuk Rumah Sakit Pemerintah dan 32,70% Rumah Sakit Swasta.

Tujuan: Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui hubungan teknik cuci tangan, teknik aseptik, dan dressing dengan kejadian phlebitis di ruang rawat anak rumah sakit di Banjarmasin.

Metode: Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian analitik observasional dengan pendekatan kohort. Sampel penelitian ini adalah anak-anak yang mendapatkan terapi intravena (80 sampel). Teknik sampling yang digunakan adalah konsekutif sampling dengan kriteria yang telah ditentukan. Instrumen yang digunakan adalah lembar observasi responden dan Visual Infusion Phlebitis Scale (VIP Scale). Analisa data menggunakan uji chi square.

Hasil: Tidak ada hubungan yamg siginifikan antara teknik cuci tangan, teknik aseptik, dan dressing dengan kejadian phlebitis (p > 0,05).

Kesimpulan: Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa tidak ada hubungan antara teknik cuci tangan, teknik aseptik, dan dressing dengan kejadian phlebitis.

Kata kunci: Faktor Resiko, Phlebitis, Visual Infusion Phlebitis Scale


Keywords


Faktor Resiko, Phlebitis, Visual Infusion Phlebitis Scale

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References


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