FACTORS AFFECTING SELF CARE MANAGEMENT OF PATIENTS WITH TYPE 2 DIABETES MELLITUS: NARRATIVE REVIEW
Keywords:Factors, Self Care Management, Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus.
Background: Diabetes Mellitus (DM) is a non-communicable disease whose number is increasing. The prevalence of DM patients in Indonesia reaches 10.8 million per year 2020. Control and prevention of DM is carried out by means of self care (self care management). DM patients are often not aware of the importance of self-care management due to lack of knowledge, unsupportive family and lack of self-confidence.
Objective: To know and analyze the factors that influence and are the most dominant in self care management of type 2 DM patients.
Methods: Narrative review research design. Journal criteria are filtered based on literature titles, abstracts and keywords or keywords that have been determined and sourced from Biomed Central, Elsevier, Google Scholar, PubMed and Garuda Portal which were identified through the Population, Interventions, Comparison, Outcomes and Study Design (PICOS ) systems approaches. The number of articles used for this research literature is 16 journals.
Results : The factors that can affect the self-care management of type 2 DM patients from 16 journals. After the analysis, the factors that most influence the self-care management of type 2 DM patients are family support (12 journals), knowledge (7 journals) and self-efficacy. (5 journals).
Conclusion: Nurses should perform nursing care in an effort to improve self-care management of DM patients by paying attention to the factors that influence it, namely family support, knowledge, and self-efficacy.Â
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