• Misnah Misnah Sari Mulia University
  • Tuti Alawiyah
  • Ikna Urwatul Wusko


Banana stem, Activated Carbon, Barito River, Ammonia, UV-Vis Spectrophotometry


Banana plants or the Latin name called Musa paradisiaca L is a commodity of high economic value in Indonesia, Banana stems have cellulose compounds that have a large enough potential to be used as activated charcoal, activated charcoal can be made by pyrolysis. This study was conducted to analyze the potential of activated carbon from banana stems in reducing ammonia levels in water, to analyze the amount of reduction in ammonia levels (NH3) in the Barito River by giving activated carbon from banana stems, to analyze the effect of the time of administration of activated carbon from banana stems to decrease ammonia. The manufacture of activated carbon from banana stems was carried out using a kiln, and for measuring the reduction in ammonia levels, it was carried out by Spectrophotometry Uv-Vis spectroquan 300. The results of this study indicate that activated carbon of banana stems can reduce ammonia levels in the Barito river area with the initial value of ammonia levels being 2.482 mg/L and after being given activated carbon of banana stems the decrease in ammonia levels obtained with 30 minutes is 0.860 mg/L or 65, 35%, time 60 minutes 0.146 mg/L or 94.11%, and time 120 minutes -0.020 or 100.80%. This study shows that activated carbon of banana stems can reduce ammonia levels in the Barito River area using UV-Vis Spectrophotometry


Alimah, D. (2017). Characteristics and Quality of Activated Charcoal from Cashew Seed Shell (Anacardium occidentale L.). Journal of Forest Products Research, 35(2), 123–133. https://doi.org/10.20886/jphh.2017.35.2.123-133
Arung, S., Yudi, M., & Chadijah, S. (2014). Effect of Hydrochloric Acid Activator Concentration (HCL) on Adsorption Capacity of Cocoa Fruit Peel Activated Charcoal (Theobromana cacao.L) on Methanil Yellow Dye. Al-Kimia Journal, 02, 52–63. http://journal.uin-alauddin.ac.id/index.php/al-kimia/article/view/1638
Azizah, M., & Azizah, M. (2015). Analysis of Ammonia (NH3) Levels in Water in the Cileungsi River: Nusa Sylva Journal, 15(82), 47–54. http://ejournalunb.ac.id/index.php/JNS/article/view/132
Bahri, S. (2017). Making Pulp from Banana Stems. Unimal Journal of Chemical Technology, 4(2), 36. https://doi.org/10.29103/jtku.v4i2.72
Danarto, Y. C., Utomo, P. B., & Sasmita, F. (2010). Pyrolysis of Waste Wood Powder with Zeolite Catalyst. Proceedings of the National Seminar on Chemical Engineering “Struggle,” 1–6.(Access Year 201-07-13)
Elfia, M. (2019). Biosorption of Heavy Metal Ions Pb (II) Using Biosoben Stem Pisang Kepok (Musa Acuminata Balbisiana Colla) Journal of Clinical Health Science Analysis. 7(29), 76–82.(Access Year 2019-12-12) http://jurnal.univrab.ac.id/index.php/klinikal/article/view/1086
Hidayah, N., Deviyani, E., & Wicakso, D. R. (2012). Adsorption of Iron (Fe) in Barito River Using Adsorbent From Banana Stems. Journal of Conversion, 1(1).(Access Year 2012-10-08). http://konversi.ulm.ac.id/index.php/konversi/article/view/9
Lempang, M., Syafii, W., & Pari, G. (2012). Nature and Quality of Candlenut Shell Activated Charcoal. Journal of Forest Products Research, 30(2), 100–113. https://doi.org/10.20886/jphh.2012.30.2.100-113
Murti, R. S., & Purwanti, C. M. H. (2014). Optimization of reaction time for the formation of a stable indophenol blue complex in the n-ammonia test of leather tanning industry wastewater using the phenate method. Leather, Rubber and Plastic Magazine, 30(1), 29. https://doi.org/10.20543/mkkp.v30i1.121
Sahara, E., Dahliani, N. K., & Manuaba, I. B. P. (2017). Production and Characterization of Activated Charcoal from Gumitir Plant Stem (Tagetes Erecta) With NaOH Activator. Journal of Chemistry, 174. https://doi.org/10.24843/jchem.2017.v11.i02.p12
Sariamanah, W. O. S., Munir, A., & Agriansyah, A. (2016). Morphological Characterization of Banana Plants (Musa paradisiaca L.) in Tobimeita Village, Abeli District, Kendari City. Amphibious Journal, 1(3), 32–41. http://ojs.uho.ac.id/index.php/ampibi/article/view/5043/3766
Sembiring, 2003. Characteristics of activated carbons prepared from pistachionut shells by potassium hydroxide activation, Microporous and Mesoporous Materials, 2003, 63(1-3), 113-124
Suhendarwati, L., Bambang, B., & Susanawati, L. D. (2014). Effect of Concentration of Potassium Hydroxide Solution on Activated Bottom Ash of Sugarcane Bagasse. Journal of Natural Resources and the Environment, 1(1), 19–25. http://jsal.ub.ac.id/index.php/jsal/article/view/101/97
Sunartaty, R., & Yulia, R. (2017). Ash Production And Characteristics Of Moisture Content And Ash Content Of Coconut Rift Ash. Journal of USM National Seminar Proceedings, 1,560–562.
Syauqiah, I., Amalia, M., & Kartini, H. A. (2011). Analysis of Variation of Time and Mixer Speed in Process
Heavy Metal Waste Adsorption With Activated Charcoal, Volume 12 No. 1, July 2011. Technical Info, 12(1), 11–20. https://ppjp.ulm.ac.id/journal/index.php/infoteknik/article/view/1773
Yuliono, Herawati, N., & Maryono. (2014). Adsorption Capacity of Banana Stem Activated Charcoal ( Musa paradisiaca ) Toward Chromium VI Ions. Chemica, 15(2), 24-32.https ://ojs.unm.ac.id/chemica/article/view/4589