THE RELATIONSHIP GESTATION AGE WITH INCIDENT OF NEONATAL SEPSIS: LITERTURE REVIEW
Keywords:Neonatorum, Prematurity, Sepsis, Gestational Age.
Background: Neonatal sepsis has increased every year, causing high morbidity and mortality. Risk factors associated with the incidence of neonatal sepsis include several factors, namely maternal, infant and nosocomial factors. Infant factors that affect neonatal sepsis is gestational age. Gestational age or gestational age is the time it takes a mother from conception to birth. Gestational age is divided into three namely premature, mature and postmature.
Aim: To analyze the relationship between gestational age and the incidence of neonatal sepsis through the Literature Review.
Method: This study uses a Literature Review, in searching literature sourced from five databases (Biomed Central, Pubmed, Plus One, Elsevier and Garuda), using keywords. Journals in accordance with PICOS are 15 journals and are reviewed.
Results: The results showed that from 102,226 samples from 12 journals, there were 2,874 experiencing neonatal sepsis and the results from 11 journals that discussed gestational age were 522 premature, 1,008 mature and 62 postmature. Babies with gestational age (premature) had a higher risk of developing neonatal sepsis. The results of the analysis of 10 journals whose results were associated with an average P value of 0.000 (highest) â€“ <0.05 (lowest), and OR = 6.256 (highest) â€“ 0.71 (lowest).
Conclusion: Gestational age affects the risk of neonatal sepsis. Efforts are made by nurses to identify risk factors for neonatal sepsis in neonates by anticipating early pregnancy for mothers who are <37 weeks of gestation and recognizing signs and symptoms of neonatal sepsis.
Belachew, A., & Tewabe, T. (2020). Neonatal sepsis and its association with birth weight and gestational age among admitted neonates in Ethiopia: Systematic review and meta-analysis. BMC Pediatrics, 20(1), 1â€“7.https://doi.org/10.1186/s12887-020-1949-x
Dini, FN, Andayani, P., & Rosida, L. (2015). Neonatal sepsis at Ulin Hospital Banjarmasin for the period June 2014-June 2015. Medical Periodic, 12, 175â€“185.
Fanni, DRY, & Adriani, M. (2017). Relationship between Gestational Age and Hemoglobin Levels in the 3rd Trimester of Pregnancy with Infant Birth Weight. Amerta Nutrition, 1(3), 162.https://doi.org/10.20473/amnt.v1i3.6241
Harismi, A.2020. Even though it continues to improve, Indonesia's infant mortality rate is still lagging behind. Available at: [https://www.sehatq.com/article/angka-kematian-bayi-di-indonesia-masih-tertinggal [accessed December 04, 2020]
Jaya, IGA, Suryawan, IWB, & Rahayu, PP (2019). The relationship of prematurity with the incidence of neonatal sepsis treated in the perinatology ward and the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) Wangaya Hospital, Denpasar city. 10(1), 18â€“22.https://doi.org/10.1556/ism.v10i1.319
Levi M, Schultz M, Poll T. Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation in Infectious Disease. Hemostatic Semin Thrombosis. 2010;36(4). p.367-377.
Ningsih et al. (2016). Relationship between BBLr, Kpd and Premature Delivery with Neonatal Sepsis Incidence in Blud Rs Benjamin Guluh, Kolaka Regency in 2016. Scientific Journal of Unsyiah Public Health Students, 1(3), 186604.
Prawesti, A., Adistie F., Dan Angeli, CUI 2018. Overview of Neonatal Sepsis Risk Factors Based on the Time of Occurrence in the intensive care unit of Dr. Hasan Sadikin Bandung. 3(2). 39-46. Available onhttp://journal.stikesaisyiyahbandung.ac.id/index.php/jaia/article/view/86 [ Accessed December 1, 2020].
Sari, E., & Mardalena. (2016). Factors associated with the incidence of sepsis in neonates at Moehammad Hoesin Hospital Palembang. AIPKEMA National Working Meeting, 108â€“112.
Tanglidintin, D. 2017. Sepsis Neonatorum Nic-Noc. Available at https://id.scribd.com/document/345037410/Sepsis-Neonatorum-nic-noc [Accessed 02 February 2020]
Tewabe T, Mohammed S, Tilahun Y, Melaku B, Fenta M, Dagnaw T, Belachew A, Molla A, Belete H. Clinical outcome and risk factors of neonatal sepsis among neonates in Felege Hiwot referral hospital, Bahir Dar, Amhara regional state, north West Ethiopia 2016: a retrospective chart review. BMC Res Notes. 2017;10(1):265.
Wati, Selvia. 2020. Literature Review of Midwifery Care in Newborns with Neonatal Sepsis from Mothers with Kpd. [Scientific papers]. Banjarmasin : Sari Mulia University.
WHO. 2017. Guidelines for child health services at the first level referral hospital in the district. Translation, Indonesian Adaptation Team. Jakarta: WHO Indonesia.
Wilar, R. 2016. Risk Factors for Early Onset Sepsis. [Internet]. Sari Pediatric No. 4 Vol 12 265-9. Available onhttp://saripediatri.org/index.php/sari-pediatri/article/view/504 [Accessed February 25, 2020]
Wortham JM, Hansen NI, Schrag SJ, et al; Eunice Kennedy ShriverNICHD Neonatal Research Network. Chorioamnionitis and culture-confirmed, early-onset neonatal infections. Pediatrics.2016;137(1):e20152323
Copyright (c) 2021 Utari Ermawati
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.