• Fitri Fitri Diploma Tiga Kebidanan
  • Meldawati Meldawati Magister Kebidanan, Fakultas Kesehatan, Universitas Sari Mulia
  • Susanti Suhartati Diploma Tiga Kebidanan, Fakultas Kesehatan, Universitas Sari Mulia


The percentage of exclusive breastfeeding coverage for infants 0-6 months is 61.33% with the lowest regional percentage being Papua, which is 15.32% and the highest regional percentage is West Nusa Tenggara, which is 87.35% (Kemenkes RI, 2018). There are many factors that can affect the mother's willingness to give exclusive breastfeeding to her baby, such as the level of knowledge, education level, family support, support from health workers and the number of children. The purpose of this study is to determine the relationship between parity and exclusive breastfeeding based on the Literature Review. This study uses a literature study approach using selected sources based on the criteria that have been determined by the researcher. The results of the literature analysis conducted by researchers from 10 types of literature found that parity had a significant relationship with the success of exclusive breastfeeding of a mother to her baby and the most parity who gave exclusive breastfeeding were mothers with multiparity parity. The conclusion is parity one of the factors that influence exclusive breastfeeding, because the experience that a mother has had can be used for children who will be born next.

Keywords: Parity and Exclusive Breastfeeding


Afriyani, R., Savitri, I., & Sa'adah, N. 2018. The effect of exclusive breastfeeding at bpm maimunah palembang. Journal of Health, 9(2), 331-335. [accessed May 5, 2021]

Banjarmasin City Health Office.2 019. Health Profile of Banjarmasin City. Banjarmasin: Department of Health.

Ervina, A., & Ismalita, W.2 018. The relationship of parity with exclusive breastfeeding in infants age 7-12 months. Journal of Obstetrics Scientia, 6(1), 170-178. [accessed June 1, 2021].

Hairini, L., Parellangi, A., & Nurachma, E. Relationship of delivery type and parity with failure of exclusive breast milk in the work area of sempaja puskesmas, samarinda in 2018. [accessed June 1, 2021]

Herdiani, R., & Ulfa, N. 2019. Employment relationship, parity and support of health officers on exclusive breastfeeding. Journal of Aisyiyah Medika, 4. DOI: [accessed April 15, 2021]

Hidajati, A. 2012. Why should a mother breastfeed?. Jakarta : Flashbook

Indonesian Ministry of Health. 2015. Government Regulation of the Republic of Indonesia Number 33 of 2012 concerning Exclusive Breastfeeding.

Indonesian Ministry of Health. 2018. Indonesia Health Profile 2017. Jakarta: Ministry of Health RI. [accessed January 31, 2019]

Lindawati, A. The Relationship between Characteristics and Knowledge with Exclusive Breastfeeding for Mothers Who Have Babies Age 0-6 Months at the Village Health Center in 2018. Journal of Midwifery. doi:10.33486/jurnal_kebidanan.v8i2.73. 8(2), 326876.

Lumbantoruan, M. 2018. The Relationship between Characteristics of Breastfeeding Mothers and Exclusive Breastfeeding for Babies in Bangun Rejo Village, Dusun 1, Tanjung Morawa District, 2018. Maternal and Neonatal Journal, 3(1), 13-22. [accessed March 4, 2021]

Neuman, W. Lawrence. 2011. Social Research Methods. Qualitative and Quantitative Approaches. Boston: Pearson.
Nirwana AB 2014. Breast Milk & Formula Milk Content and Benefits of Breast Milk and Milk Formula. Yogyakarta: Nuha Medika.

Purba, EM (2020). Relationship between Mother's Characteristics and Exclusive Breastfeeding in the Work Area of ​​Korpri Public Health Center, Berastagi District, Karo Regency in 2019. CHMK Health Journal, 4(2), 149-157. DOI: [accessed April 9, 2021]

Sunesni, S., & Wahyuni, NU. 2018. Relationship between Knowledge, Parity and Mother's Education with Colostrum Giving Behavior in Gunung Sarik Village, Belimbing Health Center Working Area, 2018. Lighthouse Health Journal, 1(1). DOI: [accessed May 7, 2021]

Sutama, LPSP, Arifin, S., & Yuliana, I. 2020. Relationship between Employment, Parity, and Breast Care Skills with Exclusive Breastfeeding Behavior. Homeostasis, 3(3), 385-394. [accessed March 20, 2021]

Widodo, RR, Susanto, T., & Susumaningrum, LA (2019). Relationship between Occupation and Mother's Parity Status with Attitude towards Breastfeeding. INDONESIAN Journal Of Nursing Education, 5(2), 105-113. [accessed May 7, 2021]