HUBUNGAN KEPATUHAN KEMOTERAPI DENGAN KUALITAS HIDUP PASIEN KANKER PAYUDARA: LITERATURE REVIEW

Arya Andika Saputra, Rifa'atul Mahmudah, Rina Saputri

Abstract


Latar Belakang: kanker disebabkan oleh pertumbuhan sel-sel jaringan yang abnormal. Kanker payudara merupakan permasalahan utama kesehatan pada kalangan wanita. Salah satu penatalaksanaan utama pada penyakit kanker yaitu kemoterapi. Proses kemoterapi harus memiliki tingkat kepatuhan tinggi agar dapat menunjang keberhasilan terapi. Keberhasilan terapi akan meningkatkan kualitas hidup pasien.

Tujuan: penelitian ini untuk mengetahui tentang hubungan kepatuhan kemoterapi dengan kualitas hidup pasien kanker payudara.

Metode: penelitian ini menggunakan literature review, dalam pencarian literature bersumber dari tiga database (Pubmed, Doaj, Google Scholer), menggunakan kata kunci sesuai dengan tema.

Hasil: kepatuhan pasien kanker payudara yang menjalani kemoterapi dipengaruhi oleh tingkat stadium dan efek samping sistemik dari pengobatan. Kualitas hidup pasien kanker payudara dipengaruhi oleh banyak faktor. Kualitas hidup pasien kanker payudara dapat ditingkatkan dengan pemberian edukasi. Pasien kanker payudara yang patuh menjalani kemoterapi memiliki kualitas hidup yang baik.

Simpulan: adanya hubungan kepatuhan menjalani kemoterapi dengan kualitas hidup pasien kanker payudara.Rekomendasi diterapkannya sikap kepatuhan pada pasien kanker payudara dalam  menjalani kemoterapi supaya dapat meningkatkan kualitas hidup pasien.

Kata Kunci: Kanker Payudara, Kemoterapi, Kepatuhan, Kualitas Hidup

 

Background: cancer is caused by the growth of abnormal tissue cells. Breast cancer is a major health problem among women. One of the main treatments for cancer is chemotherapy. The chemotherapy process must have a high level in order to support therapy. The success of the therapy will improve the patient's quality of life.

Objective: to find out about the relationship of chemotherapy adherence with quality of life of breast cancer patients.

Methods: this study used literature review, in literature search sourced from three databases (Pubmed, Doaj, Google Scholer), used keywords according to the theme.

Results: surveillance of breast cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy that was constructed by the stage level and systemic side effects of treatment. The quality of life of breast cancer patients by many factors. The quality of life for breast cancer patients can be improved by providing education. Breast cancer patients who are adherent undergo chemotherapy with good quality of life.

Conclusion: there is a relationship who underwent chemotherapy with the quality of life of breast cancer patients. Recommendation applying adherence to breast cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy to improve the quality of life patients.

Keywords: Adherence, Breast Cancer, Chemotherapy, Quality of life


Keywords


Adherence, Breast Cancer, Chemotherapy, Quality of life

Full Text:

PDF

References


Binotto, M, Reinert, T, Warutsky, G, Zaffaroni, F, Schwartsmann, G. 2020. Health-related quality of life before and during chemotherapy in patients with early-stage breast cancer. Ecancer medicalscience. 14(1): 1-11. Tersedia pada: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7039692/. [diakses: 1 Juli 2020].

Coelho, RCFP, Garcia, NS, Marcondes, L, Silva, FAJ, Paula, AD, Kalinke, LP. 2018. Impact on the quality of life of women with breast cancer undergoing chemotherapy in public and private care. Investigacion y educacion en emfermeria. 36(1): 33-44. Tersedia pada: http://www.scielo.org.co/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0120-53072018000100004. [diakses: 1 Juli 2020]

Handayani, L., Suharmiati., & Ayuningtya, A. (2012). Menaklukan Kanker Serviks Dan Kanker Payudara Dengan 3 Terapi Alami. Jakarta: Agromedia Pustaka.

Ian, P & Marcus, M. 2011. Psikologi Kesehatan Panduan Lengkap dan Komprehensif Bagi Studi Psikologi Kesehatan. Cetaak I. Yogyakarta: Palmall

Jiayuan, Z, Yuqiu, Z, Ziwei, F, Yong, X, Guangchun, Z. 2017. Longitudinal Trends in Anxiety, Depression, and Quality of Life During Different Intermittent Periods of Adjuvant Breast Cancer Chemotherapy. Cancer nursing. 41(1): 1-7. Tersedia pada: https://journals.lww.com/cancernursingonline/Abstract/2018/01000/Longitudinal_Trends_in_Anxiety,_Depression,_and.8.aspx. [diakses: 1 Juli 2020].

Kementerian Kesehatan RI. 2014. Profil Kesehatan Indonesia Tahun 2013. Jakarta: Kementerian Kesehatan RI.

Oh, PJ & Cho, JR. 2020. Changes in fatigue, psychologic distress, and quality of life after chemotherapy in women with breast cancer. International journal for cancer care research. 43(1): 54-60. Tersedia pada: https://journals.lww.com/cancernursingonline/Citation/2020/01000/Changes_in_Fatigue,_Psychological_Distress,_and.18.aspx. [diakses: 1 Juli 2020]

Ponticelli, E, Clari, M, Frigerio, S, Clemente, AD, Bergese, I, Scavino, E, Bernardini, A. 2016. Dysgeusia and health-related quality of life of cancer patients receiving chemotherapy: A cross-sectional study. European journal of cancer care. 26(2): 1-7. Tersedia pada: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/ecc.12633. [diakses: 1 Juli 2020].

Sahin, ZA, Tan, M. 2016. Quality of life and symptom experience of breast cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy. Holistic nursing practice. 30(4): 193-200. Tersedia pada: https://journals.lww.com/hnpjournal/Abstract/2016/07000/Quality_of_Life_and_Symptom_Experience_of_Breast.2.aspx. [diakses: 30 Juni 2020].

Sawada, NO, Nicolussi, AC, Paula, JM, Caro, MPG, Garcia, CM, Quintana, FC. 2016. Quality of life of brazilian and spanish cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy: an integrative literatur review. Revista lation-Americana de Enfermagem.24(5): 1-12. Tersedia pada: https://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0104-11692016000100601. [diakses: 30 Juni 2020].

Setiawan, Muhammad. 2018. Hubungan Lama Kemoterapi Dengan Konsep Diri Pasien Kanker Payudara Yang Menjalani Kemoterapi Di RSUD Ulin Banjarmasin. Dinamika Kesehatan. 9(2).

Smeltzer & Bare. 2012. Buku Ajar Keperawatan Medikal Bedah Brunner dan Suddarth (Ed.8, Vol. 1,2). Jakarta : EGC

Stahlschmidt, R, Ferracim, AC, Souza, CMD, Medeiros, MLD, Juliato, CRTJ, Mazzola, PG. 2019. Adherence and quality of life in women with breast cancer being treated with oral hormone therapy. Supportive care in cancer. 27(10): 3799-3804. Tersedia pada: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00520-019-04671-x. [diakses: 31 Juni 2020].

Trinca, F, Infante, P, Dinis, R, Inacio, M, Bravo, E, Caravana,J, Reis, T, Marques, S. 2019. Depression and quality of life in patients with breast cancer undergoing chemotherapy and monoclonal antibodies. Ecancer medicalscience.13(7): 1-20.Tersedia pada: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6727885/. [diakses: 31 Juni 2020].

Ustundang, S & Zencirci, AD. 2015. Factors effecting the quality of life of cancer

patients undergoing chemotherapy: A questionnaire study. Journal of oncology nursing. 2(1): 17-25. Tersedia pada: https://doaj.org/article/145caa143f704ce99541857d69b84d40. [diakses: 30 Juni 2020]

World Health Organization, Indonesia. 2018. The global cancer observatory (GLOBOCAN). 256: 2018-2019.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.