HUBUNGAN PENGGUNAAN SMARTPHONE DENGA EMOSIONAL PADA REMAJA: SYSTEMATIC REVIEW

Hisni Raudhati, Umi Hanik Fetriyah, Desilestia Dwi Salmarini

Abstract


Latar Belakang: Remaja adalah masa transisi dari masa anak-anak menuju masa dewasa yang ditandai adanya perubahan kognitif, biologis dan sosial-emosional. Remaja yang mengalami gangguan emosional berdampak pada tumbuh kembang dan kehidupan sehari-hari, misalnya anti sosial, gangguan kecemasan, gangguan perasaan dan depresi. Faktor penyebab gangguan emosional salah satunya adalah penggunaan smartphone.

Tujuan: Penelitian ini menganalisis tentang hubungan penggunaan smartphone dengan emosional pada remaja.

Metode: Penelitian ini menggunakan systematic review, dalam pencarian literature bersumber dari empat database (BMC Psyciatri, Pubmed, ProQuest dan Science Direct), menggunakan kata kunci smartphone use AND emotional AND teenager.

Hasil: Penggunaan smartphone pada remaja setiap harinya lebih dari 4-6 jam sebanyak 6.155 remaja. Remaja akan mengalami kecanduan penggunaan smartphone. Penggunaan smartphone yang tinggi lebih banyak digunakan pada remaja perempuan (89,91%) daripada laki-laki (86,68%). Remaja perempuan mengalami gangguan emosional, seperti depresi (17,23%) akibat penggunaan smartphone yang berlebihan.10 literatur yang ditemukan, ada sembilan jurnal yang menyatakan bahwa pengunaan smartphone berhubungan dengan emosional (p<0,001) remaja berhubungan dengan gangguan emosi negatif (p<0,001).

Simpulan: Penggunaan smartphone yang lebih dari 2 jam dalam sehari tanpa adanya pengontrolan orang tua akan mengakibatkan terjadinya kecanduan pada penggunaan smartphone dan gangguan emosional, seperti terjadinya kecemasan, regulasi emosi, perasaan negatif pada diri sendiri, permusuhan, kemarahan dan depresi. Adanya hubungan penggunaan smartphone dengan gangguan emosional pada remaja. Rekomendasi penting pengontrolan dari orang tua kepada remaja dalam penggunaan smartphone baiknya di rumah maupun di luar rumah.

 

Introduction: Teenager is transition from children to adult is characterized by cognitive change, biologic and social-emotional. Teenager who experience emotional disturbances have an impact on growth and development and children daily life, anti-social, anxiety disorders, feeling disorder and depression. One of the factors causing emotional disorder is smartphone use.

Aims: This study analyzes the relationship between smartphone use and emotional in adolescents.

Method: This research uses systematic review, in searching literature using for database (BMC Psyciatri, Pubmed, ProQuest and Science Direct) use keywords smartphone use AND emotional AND teenager.

Results: The use of smartphone in teenager every day for more that 4-6 hours as much 6.155 teenager. Teenager will experience addiction to using smartphone. The use of smartphone is more widely used in adolescent girls (89,91%) of the male (86,68%). Teenager girl experiencing emotional disturbance, as depression (17,23%) due to excessive use of smartphone. From 10 literatur found, there are nine journal that state that smartphone use is associated with emotional disturbances (p<0,001) teenager,  with negative emotional disorders (p<0,001).

Conclusions: Use of a smartphone that is used more that two hours a day with parental control will result in addiction to smartphone usage and emotional disturbance, like the occurrence of anxiety, emotional regulation, negative feelings to yourself, hostility, anger and depression. The relationship between smartphone use and emotional disturbances in teenager. Important recommendations for controlling parents to teenager in using smartphone both at home nor outside the home


Keywords


Emotional, Smartphone use, Psychological, Teenager

Full Text:

PDF

References


Bae, Sung, Man. 2017. The relationship between the type of smartphone use and smartphone dependence of Korean adolescents: National survey study. Journal children and youth services review. 81(10): 207-211. Tersedia pada: https://sci-hub.tw/https://doi.org/10.1016/j.childyouth.2017.08.012. [diakses: 05 Juli 2020].

Cho, KS, Lee, JM. 2017. Influence of smartphone addiction proneness of young children on problematic behavior and emotional intelligence: Mediating self-assessment effects of parents using smartphone. Journal computers in human behavior. 66(1): 303-311. Terdapat pada: https://sci-hub.tw/https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chb.2016.09.063. [diakses: 05 Juli 2020].

Emirtekin, E. Balta,S. Sural,I. Kircaburun,K. Mark D. Griffiths. Billieux,J. 2019. The role of childhood emotional maltreatment and body image dissatisfaction in problematic smartphone use among adolescent. Psychiatry Research. 271 (1): 634-639. Tersedia pada: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psychres.2018.12.059. [diakses:14 Mei 2020]

Elhai, JD. Hall, BJ. Erwin, MC. 2017. Emotion regulation’s relationships with depression, anxiety and stress due to imagined smartphone and social media loss. 261(17): 28-34. Tersedia pada: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0165178117314671?via%3Dihub. [diakses: 14 Mei 2020]

Extremera,Natalio. Orts,Cirenia Q. Alvarez,Nicolas S. Rey,Lourdes. 2019. The Role of Cognitive Emotion Regulation Strategies on Problematic Smartphone Use: Comparison between Problematic and Non-Problematic Adolescent Users.International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 16 (17): 1-13. Tersedia pada: https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16173142. [diakses: 14 Mei 2020].

Fatmawati, Siti. 2017. Pelatihan Personal Hygiene Terhadap Kemampuan Keluarga Dalam Perawatan Diri Pada Anak Cerebral Palsy. Journal Gaster. 15(2): 166-179. Tersedia Pada: https://www.jurnal.stikes-aisyiyah.ac.id/index.php/gaster/article/viewFile/204/136. [Diakses: 15 Mei 2020].

Fu, L. Wang, P. Zhao, M. Xie, X. Chen, Y. Nie, J. Lei, L. 2020. Can emotion regulation difficulty lead to adolescent problematic smartphone use? A moderated mediation model of depression and perceived social support. Children and youth services review. 108(1): 1-7. Tersedian pada: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.childyouth.2019.104660. [diakses: 14 Mei 2020].

Gul, H. Firat, S. Sertcelik, M. Gul, A. Gurel, Y. Kilic, BG. 2019. Cyberbullying among a clinical adolescent sample in Turkey: effects of problematic smartphone use psyhiatric symptoms, and emotion regulation difficulties. Psychiatry and clinical psychopharmacology. 29(4): 547-557. Tersedia pada: https://search.proquest.com/docview/2351035895/78B9728DB6C4666PQ/3?accountid=201395. [diakses: 14 Mei 2020].

Hussain, Z. Griffiths, MD. Sheffield, D. 2017. An investigation into promblematic smartphone use: the role of narcissism, anxiety, and personality factors. Journal of Behavioral Addiction. 6(3): 378-386. Tersedia pada: https://doi.org/10.1556/2006.6.2017.052. [diakses: 14 Mei 2020].

Karsay, K. Schmuck, D. Matthes,J. Stevic A. 2019. Longit efffects of excessive smartphone use on stress and loneliness: the moderating role of self-disclosure. Depertment of Communication. 22(11): 706-713. Tersedia pada: https://doi.org/10.1089/cyber.2019.0255. [diakses: 14 Mei 2020].

Mailanto, A. 2016. Penggunaan Instagram di Indonesia Terbanyak Mencapai 89%. Jakarta. Okezone Tv. Tersedia pada: https://techno.okezone.com/read/2016/01/14/207/1288332/pengguna-instagram-di-indonesia-terbanyak-mencapai-89. [diakses: 12 Desember 2019]

Mamatha SL, Hanakeri A Pooja, Aminabhavi A Vijayalaxmi. 2016. Impact of gadgets on emosional maturity, reasoning a bility of college students. International Journal of Applied Research. 2(3) :749-750. Tersedia pada: http://www.allresearchjournal.com/archives/2016/vol2issue3/PartM/2-3-182.pdf. [diakses: 14 Desember 2019].

Musfirah. 2013. Perkembangan sosial anak usia 11-12 tahun di homeschooling primagama yogyakarta [Skripsi]. Yogyakarta: Universitas Islam Negeri Sunan Kalijaga. Tersedia pada: http://digilib.uin-suka.ac.id/11733/1/BAB%20I%2C%20IV%2C%20DAFTAR%20PUSTAKA.pdf. [diakses: 14 Desember 2019].

Sartana & Afriyeni, N. 2017. Perundungan Maya (Cyber Bullying) pada remaja awal. Jurnal Psikologi Insight. 1(1): 25-39. Tersedia pada: https://ejournal.upi.edu/index.php/insight/article/view/8442/5299. [diakses: 30 Juli 2020]

Sohn, S. Rees, P. Wildridge, B. Kalk,NJ. Carter, B. 2019. Prevalence of problematic smartphone usage and associated mental health outcomes amongst children and young people: a systematic review, meta-analysis and GRADE of the evidence. BMC Psychiatry. 356(19): 2-10. Tersedia pada: https://bmcpsychiatry.biomedcentral.com/track/pdf/10.1186/s12888-019-2350-x. [diakses: 14 Mei 2020].

Starburger V.C, Mulligan D.A, Altmann T. R, Brown A, Christakis D.A, Clarke Pearson K, Noland V.L. 2011. Children, adolescents, obesity and the media. Journal Pediatrics. 128(1): 201-208. Tersedia pada: https://nebraska.pure.elsevier.com/en/publications/policy-statement-children-adolescents-obesity-and-the-media. [diakses: 19 Desember 2019]

Woo B.S.C, Ng T.P, Fung D.S.S, Chan Y.H, Lee Y.P, Koh J.B,K, Cai Y. 2007. Emotional and behavioural problems in Singaporean children based on parent, teacher and reports. Departement of Psychologic Medicine. 48(12): 1100-1106. Tersedia pada: http://www.smj.org.sg/sites/default/files/4812/4812a2.pdf. [diakses: 22 Desember 2019].


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.